Residential wells in Bucks County PA and surrounding areas are drilled for homes where public water is not available. These wells are usually six inches in diameter, with six inch steel casing set no less than forty feet into the ground. They typically yield 1 to 100 gallons of water per minute. Most wells are drilled in one day. Before the well is drilled, a site visit to determine the location of the new well is recommended. After the location is picked, the customer will file for all the needed permits, and after they are issued, the work can commence. After the well is completed, we size a pump system that will best fit the customer's needs.
Open Loop Systems
Open loop systems are used for geothermal heating in Bucks County PA and surrounding areas. Instead of using an anti-freeze solution sealed inside the buried piping, like a closed loop system, an open loop system uses water from a well. The water is pumped into the heat pump unit where the heat is extracted; the water is then discharged back into a return well. In the summer, the system cools the building by working in reverse, collecting heat from the building and sending it back to the return well. Open loop systems are used when water quantity is high and water quality is not an issue.
Closed Loop Systems
Closed loop systems are used for geothermal heating in Bucks County PA and surrounding areas. In the winter, water or an anti-freeze solution is circulated through the vertical boreholes, collecting heat from the earth and transporting it into the building. In the summer, the system cools the building by collecting heat from the building and transferring it back into the earth. Closed loop systems are used instead of open loop systems when water quantity is low or water quality is poor. These systems are energy efficient and will reduce energy cost substantially.
Both geothermal systems are energy efficient and will reduce energy cost substantially for your Bucks, Montgomery, Lehigh and Northampton County PA home or commercial building. At F.E. Buehler & Son, Inc., we are certified by the International Ground Source Heat Pump Association (IGSHPA) for loop design and loop field installation.
We have been drilling monitoring wells in Bucks and Montgomery County PA and surrounding areas since the late 1970's. Monitoring wells are normally drilled around underground tanks or close to where there was an environmental spill. We drill these wells with an air rotary machine, so that rock formations are no problem. We drill 6" monitoring wells with either 2" or 4" PVC screens. These screens help allow water to enter the well, and are set at different water bearing zones. Between the PVC piping and the 6" monitoring well, sand is placed around the screened area, with bentonite or concrete sealing the top portion of the well to prevent surface water from entering. To complete the well, a locking well cap is installed to help keep the surface water out. We will work with your geologist to help with rock samples, formation changes, and water bearing zones.
We drill municipal wells for township use or large subdivisions in Bucks County PA and surrounding areas. These wells are larger in diameter than residential wells and can produce more gallons per minute of water (1 to 1000 gpm). We can drill 8", 10", and 12" wells with outer casing diameters of up to 20". The machine that we currently own has a 1,050 cubic foot per minute (CFM) air compressor at 350 pounds per square inch (PSI), 56,000 pounds of pullback, and rotation that is strong enough to turn large diameter bits. We work along with your geologist to help with rock samples, formation changes, and water bearing zones.